Beating women in Islam

0

Myths and reality regarding the concept of beating women in Islam.

Introduction

Beating means the act of hurting someone physically. It is not permitted in Islam nor by Messenger of Allah to hit or beat a woman for any reason. Hadith showed that beating women in Islam is forbidden. Some Muslim husbands carry a concept of beating women in Islam is a practice that is allowed by Islam.

Let me clear their minds with the help of some Hadiths and Quranic Verses that clearly defines that beating women was never allowed by Islam. Muhammad SAW or Allah SWT never said anything that’s against Women Empowerment or portrays domestic violence.

Narrated by Iyas bin Abdullah bin Abu Dhubab:

The Prophet (saw) said:
“Do not beat the female slaves of Allah”.

This hadith declares that Muslim men and Muslim women are equal in front of Allah. A Muslim wife is the slave of Allah, not the slave husband bought in exchange of Haq Mehar. So, no one has the privilege to hit a woman, it’s not like punishment from Allah to women can be given by her husband; indeed it’s only Allah to punish a woman. So the decision is of Allah that to punish women or forgive them.

Punishment of Muslim Women:

Hadith Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Messenger of Allah PBUH, said:
Whoever strikes someone unjustly will receive retribution for it on the Day of Resurrection.
Hadith on retribution

These Hadiths reminds us that whoever strikes even single Muslim Allah will retaliate them on the day of judgment.

The incorrect perception of Sura Nisa verse 34:

 

Surah Nisa on Women
Surah Nisa on Women rights in Islam

Men are in charge of women by [right of]what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance]from their wealth. So righteous women are devoutly obedient, guarding in [the husband’s]absence what Allah would have them, guard. But those [wives]from whom you fear arrogance – [first]advise them; [then if they persist], forsake them in bed; and [finally], strike them. But if they obey you [once more], seek no means against them. Indeed, Allah is ever Exalted and Grand.

I was intended to write this document in order to correct people who never understood the true context of above-mentioned Ayath. A number of communities perceive it as beating women in Islam is ok to teach a wife for her disobedience. Western perspective about this verse portrays a concept in which they think, beating women in Islam is allowed; indeed Islam is the first religion that enlightens the dignity of women.

The first feminist

Muhammad ( P.B.U.H) was the first feminist before him women have no rights of equality; before Muhammad, women in society have no right to live even. Till the 20th century, many customs and religions denied the women’s rights today. The Muslim religion is the only religion that stands for women’s rights under sharia law. women’s rights history started even centuries before west women’s rights movement

There are several Quranic Ayaths and Hadiths that define the positive status of women, in Islamic society. It is our misfortune that we don’t read Quran and not consider women’s rights are human rights, listened to those people who ignored or overlook some parts of the Holy Quran misinterpret them and take out those Ayath that gratifying them without fully understanding the entire verse or surah is talking about which is an injustice to Kuran. Same is the case with Surah Nisa in which Part of the Ayath is “strike them” or “beat them” that is not entire Ayath this verse has so many subjects.

Summary of Surah Nisa’s Ayath on Beating Women in Islam

Surah Nisa’s Ayath 1st part: 

Men are in charge of women by [right of]what Allah has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance]from their wealth.

Meanwhile, Men are the Qawam of the Muslim girls the caretaker, protector, manager or maintainer of women. This doesn’t mean they are the leader, boss or superior to women; nor they have privilege over women. Identically, this means that men have the additional or extra responsibility to support their family financially. Allah gives this responsibility to man because of their physical strength.

Surah Nisa’s Ayath 2nd part: 

Allah categories women in religion as following two groups:

Allah describes that beautiful Muslim women amongst you are those that please their husbands. Allah wants a woman to be obedient to their husbands and protect themselves from every sin. Meanwhile, staying loyal to their husbands in their absence. Among all women on earth, the closest one to their god should not do Khayanat (perfidious) in their relation. They should make themselves trustworthy and should not take any kind of advantage from their husbands’ absence; because if their husbands are absent they cannot look upon them. Indeed, Allah is always there who is not reckless (Ghafil) from their any act.

Surah Nisa’s Ayath 3rd part: 

Disobedient women and advice

Allah describes three stages to give advice to disobedient wives:
  • 1st stage: Admonish them
  • 2nd stage: to leave them alone in beds
  • 3rd stage: to beat them

The first response of Nushuz is to urge them and remind them of Allah’s saying regarding the matter; if they still disobey than 2nd step is to leave them alone in beds to feel them ignored. Now ignoring them while being angry; if still, it doesn’t work than beat them. Beating them never meant as an act of domestic violence. Islam allows a husband to beat her wife just with “Miswak“, a toothbrush that won’t harm a woman. Simply, it is to gain her attention or to make her realize that she is doing wrong.

Surah Nisa’s Ayath 4th part: 

In this part of Ayath Allah say when the wife obeys her husband in all whatever Allah has allowed, then husbands aren’t allowed to misbehave with a wife. Therefore, in this case,  if she is Qanitat then her husband has no right to beat or eschew her bed.

Surah Nisa’s Ayath 5th part: 

In short, here Allah SWT reminds men that if they beat their wives without reason, then I am their Protector. Allah SWT will take revenge from those who misbehave with their wives; identically Allah will treat them unjustly on the day of judgment.

Relationship of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him ) with his wives:

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him ) whole life was the lesson or preaching for us he used to treat his wives kindly and fairly he loves all his wives equally and understands their feelings, emotions, and psyche. He keeps himself refrain from beating or abusing women; rather he never has beaten a woman, servant or animal and he advises all of the Muslim ummahs that:

The best among you are those who behave best toward their wives. I am the best among you toward his wives”.

This hadith shows that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) gave so much stress upon maintaining a good relationship with their wives he is the best because he treats his wives kindly never beat them or degraded them and he also told that the worse are those who treat his wives imperfectly or badly. Oppression of women is not allowed in any way in Islam and the woman beater will pay at the day of day of reckoning.

Islamic Domestic Abuse is Beautiful According to Victims – Muslim Women Virtue Violence On Women

Marjan khan is a passionate content writer and a student of Masters in English. Her power of making most creative documents for PBC Times lies in her passion to English literature and more of it in her dedication to learn different new things. Marjan has done Masters in education; and now she is completing her 2nd Masters degree, particularly in English literature. Regards PBC Times "Executive director"

%d bloggers like this: